Saturday, August 6, 2016

Women Scientists

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By: Mimi M.

There are quite a few women scientists. Some, though, were the first in their field. A few of these scientists include Marie Curie, Elizabeth Blackwell, and Elizabeth Anderson. All of these women were the first to do something, from the first woman to earn a medical degree, to the first woman to successfully complete the medical qualifying exams.
Marie Curie was born on November 7, 1867, in Warsaw, Poland. Her real name was Maria, but when she went to Paris to get a medical degree, she changed to Marie to seem more French.
Marie Curie won two Nobel Prizes. Her first one was in 1903, in Physics, for her contributions to the atomic structures. In 1911, she earned her second Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her discoveries of the elements polonium (named for her home country, Poland) and radium. Marie was the first woman in Europe to get a doctorate in physics.
Elizabeth Blackwell was another science pioneer. She was born in England in February 3, 1821. When she was 11, she and her family moved to America. In 1910, she moved back to England.
            In 1974, the US Postal Service made a stamp honoring Elizabeth Blackwell for being the first woman physician. She founded a hospital for women and children, and a medical college for women. Elizabeth was the first woman to get a medical degree in America.
Last but most certainly not least, Elizabeth Anderson was born on July 9, 1836, in Whitechapel, London. She was active in the women's suffrage movement, and in 1908 was the mayor of Aldeburgh, London.
Elizabeth Anderson founded the New Hospital for Women and Children in London, which was the only teaching hospital that offered courses for women at the time. In Great Britain, Elizabeth was the first woman to successfully complete the medical qualifying exams, and the first woman physician.
Those are just a few of the many women scientists that were pioneers. Marie Curie, Elizabeth Blackwell, and Elizabeth Anderson are inspirations to us all.



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